Wednesday, June 15, 2011

People Living with HIV

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People living with HIV

According to estimates from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the World Health Organization (WHO), 8.6 million adults and 1.5 million children were living with HIV at the end of 2000. This is more than 50% higher that the figures projected by WHO in 11 on the basis of the data then available.

Number of people infected during 2001, and the number of deaths

During 2000, some 5 million people became infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS. The year also saw 1.1 million deaths from HIV/AIDS - a higher global total than in any year since the beginning of the epidemic, despite antiretroviral therapy which reduced AIDS and AIDS deaths in the richer countries.

Deaths among those already infected will continue to increase for some years even if prevention programmes manage to cut the number of new infections to zero. However, with the HIV-positive population still expanding the annual number of AIDS deaths can be expected to increase for many years

Young people and children with HIV/AIDS and the AIDS orphans

Around half of all people who acquire HIV become infected before they turn 5 and typically die of the life-threatening illnesses called AIDS before their 5th birthday. This age factor makes AIDS uniquely threatening to children. By the end of 001, the epidemic had left behind a cumulative total of 14 million AIDS orphans, defined as those having lost one or both parents to AIDS before reaching the age of 15.

In 2000, an estimated 800,000 children aged 14 or younger became infected with HIV. Over 10% were babies born to HIV-positive women, who acquired the virus at birth or through their mothers breast milk. Of these, almost nine-tenths were in sub-Saharan Africa. Africas lead in mother-to-child transmission of HIV was firmer than ever despite new evidence that HIV ultimately impairs womens fertility once infected, a woman can be expected to bear 20% fewer children than she otherwise would.

Men and AIDS

In all parts of the world except sub-Saharan Africa and North Africa & Middle East, there are more men infected with HIV and dying of AIDS than women. Altogether, an estimated . million men aged 15-24 became infected during 2000, bringing the number of adult males living with HIV or AIDS by the end of the year to 1.4 million.

HIV/AIDS around the world

The overwhelming majority of people with HIV, some 5% of the global total, live in the developing world. That proportion is set to grow even further as infection rates continue to rise in countries where poverty, poor health systems and limited resources for prevention and care fuel the spread of the virus.

For further information see our webpage AIDS around the world.

High-income Countries

During the year 2000, 10,000 adults and children are estimated to have acquired HIV in Western Europe, and 45,000 in North America and 500 in Australia and New Zealand. Overall HIV prevalence has risen slightly in both regions, mainly because anti retroviral therapy is keeping HIV positive people alive longer.

Sub-Saharan Africa

In Africa south of the Sahara desert, an estimated 1.5 million adults and children became infected with HIV during the year 2000, bringing the total number of people in the region living with HIV/AIDS to 1.4 million by the end of the year.

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